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THE

MILITARY

SURGEON

18040

JOURNAL OF

THE ASSOCIATION OF MILITARY SURGEONS

OF THE UNITED STATES

EDITED BY

JAMES ROBB CHURCH

VOLUME XLIV

WASHINGTON, D. C.

THE ASSOCIATION OF MILITARY SURGEONS

OF THE UNITED STATES

1919

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COLONEL HENRY P. BIRMINGHAM, M. C., U. S. A.

U.S. SOLDIERS HOME, WASHINGTON, D. C.

First Vice-President

LIEUT. COLONEL JOSEPH A. HALL, M. C., N. G., U .S. (OHI )

Second Vice-President

ASSISTANT SURGEON GENERAL J. W. KERR

UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, WASHINGTON, D. C.

Third Vice-President

CAPTAIN FRANK L. PLEADWELL

MEDICAL CORPS, U. S. NAVY

Secretary and Treasurer

COLONEL JAMES ROBB CHURCH

MEDICAL CORPS, U. S. ARMY, WASHINGTON, D. C.

Assistant Secretary

LIEUT. COLONEL FIELDING H. GARRISON

MEDICAL CORPS, U. S. ARMY

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ORIGINAL ARTICLES

Authors alone are responsible for the opinions expressed in their contributions

No. 1

SANITATION IN CAMPS AND HOSPITALS ON THE
BRITISH FRONT IN FRANCE 1

BY CAPTAIN F. L. PLEADWELL

Medical Corps, United States Navy

(With forty-four illustrations.)

THIS paper is the outgrowth of observations and studies made
in 1916-17, when the writer was on special duty abroad as a medical
representative of the Navy and, as such, privileged to visit the
British front in France. I have selected this subject for present-
ation because it is one which is of vital interest to the Army, and
as many naval medical officers are now performing duties in the
field with the Marines it becomes of equal importance to them.

In 1908, at the time of the creation of the British Territorial
Force, sanitary companies were formed in London and a scheme of
training instituted by these organizations which comprised, in addi-
tion to lectures on field and camp sanitation, a short course in mili-
tary routine. During the progress of the war these companies have
continued to be centers for the training of men assigned to the
sanitary sections of the British Expeditionary Force. Both the
First and the Second London Sanitary Companies have been con-
stituted schools of instruction and have trained many men for duty
in the sanitary sections going to France. Many of the ingenious
sanitary devices one sees in the various areas on the British front,
in the way of new and improved types of latrines, urinals, destruct-
ors, grease traps, camp ovens, etc., some of which are reproduced in
the illustrations accompanying this paper, have had their origin in
the training begun in the London companies.

Under regulations the sanitation in any military area is the con-
cern of the officer commanding in that area, and he is made respon-

1 Read at the annual meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons held at Camp Green-
leaf, Fort Oglethorpe, Ga., October 14, 15 and 16, 1918.

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