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SECRETARIES AT WAR.

1781 to 1789.

General BENJAMIN LINCOLN, elected Secretary at War, October 30, 1781; resigned October 29, 1783.

RICHARD PETERS, requested to continue to exercise the duties of the

War Department until the Secretary at War should enter upon the

duties of his office, November 19, 1781.

JOSEPH CARLETON, continued as "Secretary in the War Office," November 4, 1783, to March 24, 1785.

General HENRY KNOX, elected Secretary at War, March 8, 1785, and continued until adoption of the Constitution, in 1789.

SECRETARIES OF WAR.

From 1789 to 1876.

Henry Knox, Massachusetts, September 12, 1789.
Timothy Pickering, Pennsylvania, January 2, 1795.
James McHenry, Maryland, January 27, 1796.
Samuel Dexter, Massachusetts, May 13, 1800.
Roger Griswold, Connecticut, February 3, 1801.
Henry Dearborn, Massachusetts, March 5, 1801.
William Eustis, Massachusetts, March 7, 1809.
John Armstrong, New York, January 13, 1813.
James Monroe, Virginia, September 27, 1814.
A. J. Dallas (acting), March 14 to August 8, 1815.
William H. Crawford, Georgia, August 1, 1815.
George Graham, Virginia, April 7, 1817.

John C. Calhoun, South Carolina, Jctober 8, 1817.
James Barbour, Virginia, March 7, 1825.

Peter B. Porter, New York, May 26, 1828.

John H. Eaton, Tennessee, March 9, 1829.

Lewis Cass, Michigan, August 1, 1831.

Benjamin F. Butler, New York (acting), March 3, 1837.
Joel R. Poinsett, South Carolina, March 7, 1837.
John Bell, Tennessee, March 5, 1841.

John McLean, Ohio, September 13, 1841.

John C. Spencer, New York, October 12, 1841.
James M. Porter, Pennsylvania, March 8, 1843.
William Wilkins, Pennsylvania, February 15, 1844.
William L. Marcy, New York, March 6, 1845.
George W. Crawford, Georgia, March 8, 1849.
Winfield Scott, ad interim, July 23, 1850.

Charles M. Conrad, Louisiana, August 15, 1850.

Jefferson Davis, Mississippi, March 7, 1853.
John B. Floyd, Virginia, March 6, 1857.
Joseph Holt, Kentucky, January 18, 1861.

Simon Cameron, Pennsylvania, March 5, 1861.

Edwin M. Stanton, Pennsylvania, January 15, 1862.

U. S. Grant, ad interim, August 12, 1867, to January 14, 1868.

E. M. Stanton, reinstated January 14, 1868.

J. M. Schofield, May 28, 1868.

John A. Rawlins, Illinois, March 11, 1869.

William T. Sherman, September 9, 1869.

William W. Belknap, Iowa, October 25, 1869.

George M. Robeson, New Jersey (acting), March 2, 1876.
Alphonso Taft, Ohio, March 8, 1876.

J. D. Cameron, Pennsylvania, May 22, 1876.

THE QUARTERMASTER'S DEPARTMENT.

CAPTAIN JOHN F. RODGERS,

QUARTERMASTER'S DEPARTMENT,

IN CHARGE OF QUARTERMASTER'S SECTION, WAR DEPARTMENT PARTICIPATION.

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THE QUARTERMASTER'S SECTION.

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REPORT OF CAPT. JOHN F. RODGERS, IN CHARGE OF QUARTERMASTER'S
SECTION, ON THE EXHIBITION IN ITS RELATIONS TO THE QUARTER-
MASTER'S DEPARTMENT.

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION 1876,
OFFICE QUARTERMASTER'S SECTION,

Col. S. C. LYFORD, U. S. A.,

WAR DEPARTMENT EXHIBIT,
Philadelphia, November 11, 1876.

Representative War Department, &c.,

Washington, D. C.:

COLONEL: In viewing the International Exhibition in its relation to the Quartermaster's Department, the representation of which I had the honor to conduct under your direction as part of the War Department exhibit, the usefulness of some of the mechanical inventions displayed comes into comparison with such apparatus as the Department is now in possession of. It is almost solely in this respect that the Exhibition has had any relation to this Department in point of contributing to its advancement. The field of observation is thus narrowed down by the comparative absence of displays of foreign uniforms and camp equipage. The principal features of the Quartermaster's Department display was the uniforms for enlisted men; these being of recent adoption (1872), and receiving the constant improvements dictated by the necessities of the service and the comfort of the soldier, are believed to be much in advance of the uniforms of other powers. The only specimens of army clothing exhibited were, I believe, those in the Prussian, Spanish, and Swedish collections. They did not present any features which would effect improvement in our own if adopted or assimilated. The fabrics are apparently coarser, and the finish and general appearance of the garments does not compare favorably with the trim and handsome uniform of the United States soldier which is now supplied by this Department. It would have been well to have had an opportunity of observing the English, French, and German uniforms with a view to seeking something which might suggest a modification of the present cavalry and light artillery helmet. The foreign uniforms mentioned were composed of woolen fabrics. The shoes of the Russian and Spanish troops are of oak-tanned leather. In these respects they conform to the American opinion with reference to healthfulness and durability.

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