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[PUBLIC RESOLUTION-NO. 19.]

JOINT RESOLUTION to print five thousand copies of the report of the Board on behalf of the United States Executive Departments at the International Exhibition of eighteen hundred and seventy-six.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be printed and bound, in continuation of the series of volumes heretofore published by Congress under joint resolution of June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, containing the final report of the United States Centennial Commission on the International Exhibition of eighteen hundred and seventy-six, and uniform therewith, five thousand copies of the report of the Board on behalf of the United States Executive Departments at said Exhibition, being the report which was submitted to Congress by the President of the United States, by special message of February ninth, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, and again in his annual message of December. third, eighteen hundred and seventyseven, of which number three thousand copies shall be for the House, one thousand copies for the Senate, two hundred copies for the Smithsonian Institution for distribution to such foreign Governments and others as made contributions from such exhibition to the National Museum, three hundred copies for the late members of said Board, and five hundred copies for distribution by the late president of the Centennial Commission, the printing to be done by the Public Printer, under the supervision of the late chairman of said Board, upon whose order may be allowed by the Public Printer to the late secretary of the Board not exceeding three hundred dollars for services to be performed, and incidental expenses to be incurred in connection therewith: Provided, That the photographic views of the government exhibit accompanying the manuscript report, shall not be printed or reproduced for the publication herein authorized.

Approved, March 3, 1883.

6

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION

IN THE

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 1876.

OFFICE OF THE BOARD ON BEHALF OF
UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS,

No. 1735 F STREET N. W.,
Washington, D. C., February 6, 1877.

The PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

SIR: I am directed by the Board on behalf of the United States Executive Departments at the International Exhibition of 1876 to submit the following report:

The participation of the Government in the Exhibition was prelimi narily undertaken by this Board in pursuance of the following order,

riz:

[Executive Order.]

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 1876.

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

Whereas it has been brought to the notice of the President of the United States that, the International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine, to be held in the city of Philadelphia, in the year eighteen hundred and seventy*, for the purpose of celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of the Independence of the United States, it is desirable that from the Executive Departments of the Government of the United States, in which there may be articles suitable for the purpose intended, there should appear such articles and materials as will, when presented in a collective exhibition, illustrate the functions and administrative faculties of the Goverament in time of peace and its resources as a war power, and thereby serve to demonrate the nature of our institutions and their adaptations to the wants of the people. Now, for the purpose of securing a complete and harmonious arrangement of the artides and materials designed to be exhibited from the Executive Departments of the Government, it is ordered that a Board, to be composed of one person to be named by the head of each of the Executive Departments which may have articles and materials be exhibited, and also of one person to be named in behalf of the Smithsonian Institation, and one to be named in behalf of the Department of Agriculture, be charged with the preparation, arrangement, and safe-keeping of such articles and materials as the heads of the several Departments and the Commissioner of Agriculture and the Director of the Smithsonian Institution may respectively decide shall be embraced in the collection; that one of the persons thus named, to be designated by the President, shall be chairman of such Board, and that the Board appoint from their own number ch other officers as they may think necessary; and that the said Board, when organized, be authorized, under the direction of the President, to confer with executive

officers of the Centennial Exhibition in relation to such matters connected with the subject as may pertain to the respective Departments having articles and materials on exhibition; and that the names of the persons thus selected by the heads of the several Departments, the Commissioner of Agriculture and the Director of the Smithsonian Institution, shall be submitted to the President for designation.

By order of the President:

WASHINGTON, January 23, 1874.

HAMILTON FISH,

Secretary of State.

In accordance with this order the following persons were named by the heads of the several Departments, &c., mentioned in the order having articles or materials to be exhibited, to compose the Board, viz:

By the Secretary of the Treasury.... Hon. R. W. TAYLER.*
By the Secretary of War....

.Col. S. C. LYFORD, U. S. A.

By the Secretary of the Navy... . Admiral T. A. JENKINS, U. S. N.
By the Secretary of the Interior..... JOHN EATON, Esq.

By the Postmaster-General..... ...Dr. CHAS. F. MACDONALD.
By the Department of Agriculture... WM. SAUNDERS, Esq.

By the Smithsonian Institution...... Prof. S. F. BAIRD.

Col. S. C. Lyford was designated by the President to be chairman of the Board.

These appointments were not announced by the Department of State until March 25, 1874, and the first meeting of the Board was held April 10, 1874, when it was concluded, after discussion, that each member should have full and exclusive control of the matters pertaining to his particular Department, subject to the general advisement of the Board, and that immediate steps should be taken to ascertain the amount of space required at the Exhibition for the several Departments, and the probable cost of the entire undertaking.

During the remainder of the year 1874 the several members of the Board matured their plans, comprehending the nature and extent of effective participation, and prepared their estimates of cost. These estimates, which were submitted to Congress on January 8, 1875, aggregated the sum of $971,000, in which was included an item of $200,000 for a building at Philadelphia capable of removal to Washington after the close of the Exhibition, to be used as a National Museum. The wisdom of the Board in forecasting at the time the probable demands of the public service after the close of the Exhibition, in respect to storage facilities for the collections made by it, is now confirmed by the demands which it is reluctantly compelled to make on Congress for that which it sought in the first instance to provide for.

The appropriations for the purposes of the Board were not made until March 3, 1875, and were, in the cases of the War, Navy, and Smith

Hon. F. M. Sawyer, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, was at first appointed to represent the Treasury Department in the Board; upon his resignation Hon. R. W. Tayler, First Comptroller, was appointed in the Board in his stead.

sonian Institution, only two-thirds of the estimated amounts needed; while in the case of the Interior Department, the appropriation was but little more than half of what was asked for. The appropriations were as follows, in the "act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1876, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1875, viz:

SEC. 5. To enable the Executive Departments of the Government and the Smithsonian Institution to participate in the International Exhibition of eighteen hundred and seventy-six, the following sums are hereby appropriated, namely: For the Interior Department, one hundred and fifteen thousand dollars; for the Treasury Department, ive thousand dollars; for the Post-Office Department, five thousand dollars; for the Agricultural Department, fifty thousand dollars; for the Smithsonian Institution, sixty-seven thousand dollars; for the United States Commission of Food-Fishes, five housand dollars; for the War Department, one hundred and thirty-three thousand dollars; for the Navy Department, one hundred thousand dollars; for show-cases, shelving, stationery, postage, telegrams, expressage, and other necessary incidental expenses, twenty-five thousand dollars; in all five hundred and five thousand dollars; to be disbursed under the direction of the Board on Executive Departments appointed in pursuance of the presidential order of January twenty-third, eighteen hundred and seventy-four. And authority is hereby given to the heads of the several Executive Departments to display at the International Exhibition of eighteen hundred and seventy-six, under such conditions as they may prescribe, subject to the provisions of section seven of the act of June first, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, all such articles in store or under the control of said Departments as may be necessary or desirable to render such collection complete and exhaustive: Provided, That should it become necessary to erect any building or part of a building, for said Exhibition, on the part of the Government, the same shall be paid for, pro rata, out of the sums appropriated to the several Departments, the United States Commission of FoodFishes and the Treasury and Post-Office Departments excepted, the cost of the building not to exceed one hundred and fifty thousand dollars; and at the close of the Exhibition, said building shall be sold and the proceeds covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts: And provided further, That the sums hereby appropriated shall cover the entire expense to which the United States Government shall be subjected on account of said Exhibition, except the sum appropriated in this act for printing the certificates of stock of said Exhibition; and the Board on Executive Departments is forbidden to expend any larger sum than is set down herein for each Department, or to enter into any contract or engagement that shall result in any such increased expenditure; and no money shall be taken by any Department for the purposes of this Exhibition as aforesaid from any other appropriations except the one hereby made: And further provided, That of the sum hereby appropriated the sum of two hundred thousand dollars shall be immediately available.

On March 9, 1875, the following Executive order was issued, viz: EXECUTIVE MANSION, March 9, 1875. In order to carry out the provisions of the fifth section of the act of Congress entitled "An act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1876, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1975, the Board heretofore appointed to take charge of the articles and materials to be exhibited by the several Executive Departments, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Agricultural Department at the International Exhibition of 1876, is hereby continued under the following regulations and distribution of duties, viz:

The funds appropriated by the above-named section will be drawn from the Treas nry upon the requisition of the chairman of the Board, and to be disbursed as are other public moneys under the existing laws relating to disbursing officers.

An officer of the Army will be detailed by the Secretary of War as disbursing officer of the Board.

Each representative of an Executive Department, and the representative of the Smithsonian Institution, of the Agricultural Department, and the United States Commissioner of Food-Fishes will have charge of the matters pertaining to his respective Department, subject to the general advisement of the Board; and all bills will be paid by the disbursing officer upon vouchers certified by such representative and countersigned by the chairman of the Board.

The disbursing officer will render monthly accounts-current of all advances to and disbursements by him to the First Auditor of the Treasury, for audit and settlement in the same manner as are other accounts of disbursing officers of the Government. Each representative will be held responsible to the head of his respective Department for all public property of the United States furnished by the head of such Department or otherwise coming to his hands for the purposes of the Exhibition, and will render proper accounts of the same to such head of Department until the property is returned.

U. S. GRANT, President United States.

In pursuance of the foregoing order, the Secretary of War, by order dated March 10, 1875, detailed Capt. Jos. S. Conrad, Second United States Infantry, brevet colonel U. S. A., as disbursing officer of the Board. This officer entered upon his duties immediately, and has disbursed the funds of the Board in a manner that has given great satisfaction to the public creditors.

On March 12, 1875, the President, on the recommendation of the chairman, approved the designation of Mr. William A. DeCaindry to act as secretary of the Board. Mr. DeCaindry, by his zeal and assiduous attention to the business of the Board, has lightened its labors and enabled it to bring its work to its present satisfactory conclusion; and in thus expressing the views of the Board, I must acknowledge my own per sonal indebtedness to him from the inception of the undertaking for the clear and able manner in which he has presented the action of the Board in its various reports and correspondence, and for his always judicious advice so frequently used.

Immediately upon the passing of the appropriations in 1875 efforts were made by the Board to induce the Exhibition authorities to erect, out of their funds, a special building for the accommodation of the Governmental display, but without avail. On July 1, 1875, the Board adopted a plan of building suitable for the United States collection, designed by James H. Windrim, architect, of Philadelphia, to be erected out of the funds appropriated by Congress. As originally brought before the Board, the plan contemplated a floor space of only 83,640 square feet, but it was subsequently enlarged so as to increase the floor space to 102,840 square feet; and the contract for erecting the structure was awarded to A. Doan & Co., contractors and builders, of Philadelphia, by the building committee appointed by the Board, composed of Colonel Lyford, Admiral Jenkins, and William Saunders, esq., competitive bids for the work having previously been obtained. Herewith accompanying

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